Abstract:Abstract\nThis study aimed to demonstrate the impact of the diversity of the individuals working on managing human talents at Greater Amman Municipality. The study has adopted the quantitative methodology using both descriptive and inferential statistics conforming with the objectives of the study. The population of the study consisted of the traditional functions in Greater Amman Municipality (Main Building) and the regions of the Municipality counted 189 regions. The study followed purposive sampling where 150 copies of the questionnaire were distributed to the individuals of the sample, only 141 copies were restored of them 4 copies were discarded due to its insufficiency for analysis purposes. The number of questionnaire copies that are convenient for analysis equal 137 copies, which were analyzed using SPSS to achieve the objectives of the study.\nThe results of the study have demonstrated that the diversity of the working individuals in all its elements positively affects managing human talents in Amman Greater Municipality. As well as applying diversification of working individuals in all of its elements positively affects recruiting human talents. The study recommends the continuation of the concern of Amman Greater Municipality of the concept of the diversity of the working individuals and its main components because of the high performance its achieves in managing human resources in the organization. Henceforth, these talents reflect their capacities and skills in achieving high performance at both workers and organizational levels.
Abstract:Coffee is obtained from the fruits of coffee tree and is one of the most consumed beverages worldwide. It contains more several compounds that have an important functional foods. The presented study was planned to studying the effect of Arabian coffee (Saudi coffee) consumption on body mass index (BMI), blood glucose level and blood pressure in some normal population of Makkah region. A cross-sectional study was accomplished on a random sample (males and females) who consume Arabian coffee. Interviewer-administered questionnaire was used for data collection. Anthropometric measurements, blood glucose levels and blood pressure were determined. The obtained results revealed that individuals who consumed low amount of Saudi coffee (1-3 cups) have not significant increase in BMI values and blood pressure, compared to that of who consumed high amount (≥ 4 cups). In addition to, random blood glucose levels for the three different days during the one week were higher in individuals who consumed the lowest amount of Saudi coffee compared to that those of who consumed highest amount. Finally, the present study concluded that Saudi coffee lower BMI values, blood glucose levels and blood pressure. These effects were more detectable with increasing the consumption rate of it.
Abstract:Motivation practices are designed by organisations to get the best employees outcomes. Organisation performance is also dependent on employee outcomes. Employee outcomes also depend on motivation practices. Studies that were conducted before were on motivation and performance and they were also conducted in developed countries. Furthermore the methodologies used in the previous studies were different from that of current study. The poor employee outcomes of the selected Federal paramilitary agencies could be attributable to insufficient motivation practices. \nA cross sectional research design was used for this study. The population of the study was 22,235 officers and men of selected paramilitary agencies in Nigeria. The paramilitary agencies included, Nigeria Immigration Service, Nigeria Security and Civil Defence Corp, Nigeria Correctional Service, and National Drug Law Enforcement Agency. The sample size used was 988 using Krejcie and Morgan table. The validated questionnaire was administered and the response rate was 91.5%..The reliability coefficient of the instrument was above 70%.\nThe data were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The analysis of the data revealed that motivation practices had significant effect on employee outcomes in selected Federal Paramilitary Agencies in South-West, Nigeria. This study concluded that motivation practices (remuneration, promotion, training, work environment and rewards) had effect on employee outcomes. In addition National culture is concluded to have significant relationship between motivation practices and employee outcomes.
Abstract:This study aims to identify the effectiveness of knowledge sharing on diversity management. The researchers selected five variables that can impact knowledge sharing. These variables are: trust; management support; mutual reciprocity; self-efficacy; and altruism. The questionnaire has been used as a tool to collect data for the studyï¿½s variables, It was distributed on a convenience sample consisting of 159 employees in Jordanian mining companies. The researchers used the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences SPSS to analyze and test the study hypothesis.This study found out that mutual reciprocity, self-efficacy, and altruism impact knowledge sharing positively, but trust and management support have no impact on knowledge sharing.
Abstract:The purpose of this scientific work is to define the dependency level of knowledge in the period of health promotion, the peculiarities of life style, pupilsï¿½ state of health at the age of 7 ï¿½ 9 after recovering from respiratory diseases against the background of seasonal viral infections of upper respiratory tracts. The parentsï¿½ opinions, some indicators of the state of the circulatory system and the respiratory system and the medical documentation of 553 pupils from different primary schools from Kyiv, Sloviansk i Sumy regions were analyzed and 538 pupils in cities of Szczecin (West Pomerania province) and Konin (Wielkopolska province). The dependenceï¿½s assessment of some indicators of the respiratory system and elements of childrenï¿½s life style at the age of 7 ï¿½ 9, using the Spearmanï¿½s rank correlation coefficient (the confidence level p <0,05000, n = 1091), showed that a strong direct dependence exists only between the using of hardening procedures and the size of the chest circumference. Researches show that there is the necessity of a new understanding of the situation and the development of effective approaches for increasing physical activity, maintaining and strengthening the somatic childrenï¿½s health recovered from respiratory diseases. Also, we need to solve the problem of training of professionals who will implement it.
Abstract:Online purchase intention has been on the decline in the online retail industry. Extant literature has implicated low relationship marketing practices as part of the challenge. This study investigated the effect of relationship marketing practices on customer purchase intention of online retail firms in Lagos State, Nigeria. The study employed a Cross-sectional survey research using a validated questionnaire. Data were gathered from 1,970 respondents. The response rate was 85.6%. Data were analysed using the descriptive and inferential statistics. The study found that RMP (website quality, trust, reliability, communication and personalization had positive significant effect on purchase intention of online retail firms. The study also found communication to be the predominant RM variable affecting online purchase intention. This study recommends that management of online retail firms should address and key into the benefit of RMP to attract customers and increase online purchase intention.
Abstract:In previous studies, an herb-resistant plasmid was extracted by alkaline lysis from Escherichia coli (E. coli) CP9 from urine of a patient with urinary tract infection (UTI). Results of trans-conjugation test showed that the herb-resistant gene was in the plasmid. Aim to determine the properties of the herbal resistance plasmid in E. coli CP9. Expression and immunological activity of target proteins were tested by Western blot, while expression of tra gene in the herb-resistant plasmid was detected by PCR. According to Western blot, bright fluorescence bands (33kDa and 44kDa specific protein band) were observed in the E. coli CP9, but not in the control group. The TrfA-33 protein (33kDa) and the TrfA-44 protein (44kDa) encoded by trf-A gene were expressed successfully in E. coli CP9. The results of PCR showed that there were 8 clear bands involving the herbal resistance plasmid DNA, while no amplification band was found in the control group. The amplified products were orf1 (406bp), orf2 (1035bp), orf4 (433bp), orf5 (359bp), orf6 (322bp), orf7 (326bp), orf8 (932bp) and orf10 (690bp). Tra gene was expressed in the herb-resistant plasmid. The herb-resistant plasmid contains an essential nucleotide sequences for DNA replication, namely, a replication origin. Moreover tra gene had a control over bacterial conjugation and transformation. All evidences support a sound conclusion that the herb-resistant plasmid belongs to conjugative plasmids.
Abstract:Marketing plays a major role in agricultural production and this is because agriculture has the potential to provide the majority of smallholder farmers with employment and income. However, for smallholder farmers to enjoy the benefits provided by agriculture they require a reliable market for their harvests. The paper therefore examined cowpea value chain mapping and marketing efficiency among cowpea farmers in Ga-Molepo of Capricorn district and Bela-Bela of Waterberg district. Primary data was collected from 80 smallholder cowpea farmers using structured questionnaire. Value chain map, and binary logistic regression model and descriptive statistics were used to analyse the data. The study findings showed that 66% of the smallholder cowpea farmers were market efficient, and 34% were market inefficient. It was also revealed that there were more women involved in cowpea production than their male counterparts. Results from binary logistic regression model employed indicated that age, household size, years in schooling, years in farming cowpea, income generated from selling cowpea, quantity of cowpea sold and occupation of the farmers had positive significant influence on marketing efficiency of cowpea farmers in the study areas. This paper therefore recommends increased investment in education and training opportunities for smallholder farmers for better profit making and stakeholders in agriculture value chain in the study area should come together for proper coordination of activities to further enhance efficiency.
Abstract:Huge post-harvest losses are experienced in cassava production in Nigeria due to factors such as poor infrastructure, low levels of technology and low investment in food production systems, pest infestation, climate, growing conditions, handling and retail level factors as well as mechanical damage to cassava roots, among others. This paper sought to analyze the extent of post-harvest losses experienced by farmers, the management strategies employed by them as well as the effect of these losses on the profitability of cassava processors in Iseyin Local Government Area of Nigeria. Using a systematic sampling method, a total of 160 respondents were selected for the study. The questionnaire elicited information on socio-economic characteristics of farmers, extent and causes of losses, structures used for storage, among others. Data analysis was done using descriptive statistics, frequency tables and Ordinary Least Squares Regression. The results obtained revealed that post-harvest losses occurred mainly as a result of inadequate access to storage facilities and inadequate access to credit facilities. It was recommended that cassava processing and storage facilities could be made available to cassava processors through public-private collaborations in the agricultural sector while credit facilities should be provided by expanding current financing programmes in the agricultural sector.
Abstract:Aim: To determine the effectiveness of low level laser therapy (LLLT) and cervical rehabilitation on chronic tinnitus treatment. Materials and methods: This study was conducted on forty patients suffering from chronic tinnitus with an age ranged from 30 to 60 years. They were randomly assigned into two groups. Group (A) received only medical treatment for 12 weeks (n=20), while group (B) received the same medical treatment in addition to LLLT and cervical rehabilitation for 12 weeks (n=20). Tinnitus severity was assessed through tinnitus visual analog scaling (VAS) and tinnitus handicap inventory (THI) before and after treatment for all patients in both groups. Results: Comparing both groups post-treatment showed that there was a statistically significant reduction in tinnitus VAS and THI (p<0.05) in favor of group (B). In group (A), the rates of reduction in tinnitus VAS and THI were 20.6% and 10.02% respectively, while they were 50.7% and 20.6% respectively in group (B). Conclusions: Low level laser therapy plus cervical rehabilitation are beneficial treatment for chronic tinnitus. Key Words: Chronic tinnitus, Low level laser therapy, Cervical rehabilitation